Saturday, 18 January 2014

History of Mawlid an-Nabi (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) Celebrations
Another cheap trick (Irony) the insolent opposition attain is a lame accusation towards the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah that, some ignorants from India and Pakistan of the last few decades have innovated the celebrations of Mawlid an-Nabi Sharif being influenced by the Hindu Celebration culture and that it was never ever celebrated before and there is no history of Mawlid Celebrations (Curse of Allah upon the liars). Let them have some glimpses of enthusiastic and joyous Mawlid celebrations from the very true and evident history.
An old photograph of Bayt al-Mawlid (The place where the blessed birth took place) in Makkah.

..:: History of Mawlid Celebrations ::..

1. Allama Mulla Ali Qari narrating the routine of the people of Madina Munawwarah writes,

"The people of Madina Munawwarah (May Allah have Mercy on them) used to arrange and attend Mawlid gatherings with great enthusiasm and sincerity on the occasion of Mawlid Sharif." [Mawrid ar-Rawi Fi Mawlid an-Nabawi, Page 29]

2. Ibn al-Jawzi says:

"People of Haramain Sharifayn (Makkah Mukarramah and Madinah Munawwarah) and Egypt and Yemen and Syria and of the eastern and western cities of Arabia hold functions in celebration of the birth of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), they rejoice at the sighting of the moon of Rabi al-Awwal, bathe and put on their best dresses adorn themselves in various ways, put on scent, and give alms with great joy, and exert themselves in listening to the Mawlid of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam). By doing so, they themselves attain to success, as it has been proved that by celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) much good accrues the whole year round, security and comfort, greater means of livelihood, increase in children and in wealth, peace in cities and contentment and peace in homes."


1. Tafsir Ruh al-Bayan by Allama Ismail Hiqqi, Vol. 9, Page 56
2. Milad al-Uroos – Urdu "Bayan-e-Milad-un-Nabi", Page 34/35, Published in Lahore.
3. Ad-Durr al-Munazzam, Page 100/101
4. Al-Milad an-Nabawi, Page 58
Prophet's (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) Birthday procession at Citadel Square (Cairo, Egypt) in 1915.
3. Gatherings of Mawlid an-Nabi SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was switched to Prose in 3rd/4th Hijri then 700 years back from today, A pious and virtuous person named Umer bin Mullah Muhammad Mousli (Alayhir Rahmah) established it on regular basis. Following him the great commander Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi's dearly loved Sultan Arbal Malik Abu Saeed Muzaffar al-Din celebrated Mawlid an-Nabi officially. Ibn-e-Khalqaan Arabali Sha'fai was eyewitness of that festival.

4. According to "Tarikh Mir'at az-Zaman" billions of rupees were used to spend on those festivities. In the beginning of 7th Century of Hijri Calendar; Great Scholar named Abul Khattab Umer Bin Hasan dahiyya Qalbi Andalusi Balansi wrote a book on the topic Milad an-Nabi SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam named "At-Tanveer fi Mawlid as-Siraj al-Muneer". In 1207, He went to Sultan Arbal's castle and presented his book on Mawlid to him, for which he was awarded thousand Gold Coins from Sultan. This was the status and respect of Mawlid Sharif in hearts of earlier leaders of Islam.
Mawlid Celebrations in the ottoman empire for the birth of Prophet (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam)
5. Not only Sultan Arbal, King of Egypt celebrated the Mawlid Shareef; Allama Ibn Jazari (Alayhir Rahmah) is one the eyewitnesses. For the celebration of this festival 1000 Mithqal of Gold was spent on it. Sultan Abu Hamu Musa Talamsani and earlier rulers of Aqsa and Andalus used to Celebrate Mawlid an-Nabi SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam. Abdullah Tunisi Talamsani has written the details of these festivals in his book "Raah al-Arwah".


1. Subl al-Huda wa ar-Rishaad Fi Seerah Khair al-Ibaad by Muhammad Bin Ali Yusuf Damishqi
2. Ad-Durr al-Munazzam Fee Hukmi Mawlidin Nabi Sallalahu Alaihi wa Sallam
3. Wafyat al-Da'yaan Anba'a Abna az-Zaman, Published in Cairo
4. Allama Muhammad Raza Misri's, Muhammadur Rasoolullah, Published in Lahore, Page 33
5. Imam Jalal al-Din Suyuti, Husn al-Maqsad Fi Amal al-Mawlid
6. Anwar as-Sati'aa (1307 H), Page 261, Published from Muradabad.
Mawlid an-Nabi (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) procession at Boulac Avenue (Cairo, Egypt) in 1904.
6. It is stated in Seerah al-Halabiya that:

Muslims have been celebrating gatherings of Mawlid Sharif in major cities for long. [Seerah al-Halabiyah, Page 80]

7. Shaykh Yusuf bin Ismail an-Nabhani states:

Dwellers of Makkah visits Birthplace of Prophet (Peace be Upon him) on the eve of Mawlid an-Nabawi every year and arrange enormous gatherings. [Jawahir al-BiHar, Page 122]

8. In "Fuyudh al-Haramain", Shah Waliullah has pointed out,

"The birth of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was celebrated by the people of Makkah who received blessings on account of it."
Mawlid an-Nabi (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) procession at Mogador (Essaouira, Morocco) in 1912.

9. The Al-Qibla Newspaper of Makkah al-Mukarrama witnesses:

On the eve of Mawlid an-Nabi SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam celebrations are observed in Makkah and dwellers of Makkah named this day as Youm al-Eid Mawlid ar-Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. People cook delicious food. The governor of Makkah and Commander of Hijaz with their army visit birthplace of Prophet Peace be Upon Him and recites Qasa'id (praises) there. Rows of shining candles are positioned from Haram al-Makki to Birthplace and Shops and Houses on the way are also decorated. People recite Qasaid whole day at Birthplace. On the night of 11th Rabi al-Awwal after Isha, Mawlid Gathering is organized. From Maghrib prayer of 11th Rabi al Awwal to Asar Prayer of 12th Rabi al Awwal, after every prayer Salutations of 21 tanks is presented.


1. Al-Qibla Paper – Makkah Mukarramah
2. Monthly Tariqat – Lahore, January 1917, Pages 2-3
The Invitation of Celebrating the Birth of Prophet (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam)
in Urdu and Gujrati Languages at Durban, South Africa (with Ottoman Tughra) on 16th May 1906.
10. Encyclopedia of Islam verifies:

On the Eve of Mawlid an-Nabi; whole Islamic world is observed to be rejoicing and celebrating it. And it is celebrated till now with utmost enthusiasm and integrity. [Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 21, Page 824, Published By: Punjab University, Lahore]

11. Ibn al-Jawzi in his book on Mawlid, says:

In Haramayn (i.e. Makkah Mukarrama and Madina Munawwarah), in Egypt, Yemen rather all of Arab world have been celebrating Mawlid for long. Upon sight of the moon in Rabi ul Awwal their happiness touches the limits and hence they make specific gatherings for Dhikr of Mawlid due to which they earn immense reward and Success. [Bayan al-Mawlid an-Nabwi, Page 58]
Mawlid an-Nabi (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) procession in Cairo, Egypt in 1911.
A deputation of one of the Muhammadan Orders on its way from Saluting the Shaykh el-Bekri.

12. Shah Waliullah Dhelvi mentions one of his all time wonderful experiences as:

I took part in a gathering of Mawlid inside Makkah where people were sending Darood and Salam upon Prophet (Peace be upon him) and commemorating the incidents which took place during the time of the blessed birth (before and after) and those which were witnessed before He was appointed as a Nabi (such as Noor eliminating from Bibi Amina Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anha, she seeing Noor, woman proposing to Sayyiduna Abdullah Radi Allahu Ta'ala Anho on sighting the Noor on his forehead etc...) suddenly I saw Noor to have enveloped one group of people, I don't claim that I saw this with my bodily eyes, nor do I claim that it was spiritual and Allah knows the best regarding these two, however upon concentration on these Anwaar a reality opened upon me that these Anwaar are of those Angels who take part in such gatherings, I also saw Mercy to be descending along with Anwaar of Angels. [Fuyudh al-Haramayn, Pages 80-81]

13. Shaykh al-Islam Imam Ibn Hajr al-Haytami (Alayhir Rahmah) writes:

The gatherings of Mawlid and Adhkaar which take place during our time, they are mostly confined to good deeds, for example in them, Sadaqat are given, Dhikr is done, Durood and Salam is sent upon the Prophet (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) and he is praised. [Fatawa al-Hadithiyyah, Page 202]
Prophet's (SallAllahu Alayhi wa Sallam) Birthday procession at Citadel Square (Cairo, Egypt) in 1915.
14. The 7th-century historians Shaykh Abu al-Abbas al-Azafi and his son Abu al-Qasim al-Azafi wrote in their Kitab al-Durr al-Munazzam:

Pious pilgrims and prominent travelers testified that, on the day of the Mawlid Sharif in Makkah al-Mukarrama, no activities are undertaken, and nothing is sold or bought, except by the people who are busy visiting the noble birthplace, and rush to it. On this day the Holy Ka'abah is opened and visited.

15. The famous eighth-century historian, Ibn Battuta relates in his Rihla that:

On every Jum'uah after the Salah and also on the birthday of the Beloved Prophet Alaihis Salat wa as-Salam, the door of the Holy Ka'abah is opened by the head of the Banu Shayba the doorkeepers of the Holy Ka'abah while on the Mawlid Shareef, the Shafi'i head judge of Makkah al-Mukarrama, Najm al-Din Muhammad ibn al-Imam Muhyi al-Din al-Tabari, distributed food to the descendants of the Beloved Prophet Alaihis Salat wa as-Salam and to the people of Makkah al-Mukarrama.
The Feast of the Mawlid at the pavilions of the Khedie's Ministers (Cairo, Egypt) in 1911.
16. The historian Shaykh Ibn Zahira from his Jami al-Latif fi Fadli Makkata wa-Ahliha; Shaykh al-Haytami from his book al-Mawlid al-Sharif al-Muazzam; and the historian Shaykh al-Nahrawali from al-Ilmam bi-Alam Bayt Allah al-Haram says:

Each year on the twelfth of Rabi al-Awwal Shareef, after Maghrib Salah, the four Qadhis of Makkah al-Mukarrama (representing the Four Sunni Schools) and large groups of people including the jurists and notables of Makkah al-Mukarrama, Shaykhayn, Zawiya teachers and students, magistrates and scholars, leave the Mosque and set out collectively for a visit to the Noble Birthplace of the Beloved Prophet Alaihes Salato Salaam, shouting out Dhikr and Tahlil.

The houses on the route are illuminated with numerous lanterns and large candles, and a great many people are out and about. They all wear special clothes and they take their children with them.

Inside the Noble Birthplace, a special sermon for the occasion of the birthday of the Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam is delivered. Hereafter the Dua' for the (Ottoman) Sultan, the Ameer of Makkah al-Mukarramah, and the Shafi'i Qadhi is performed and all pray humbly.

Shortly before the 'Isha prayer, the whole party returns to the Great Mosque, which is almost overcrowded, and sit down in rows at Maqam Sayyiduna Ibrahim (Alayhis Salam).

A similar description is given by Shaykh al-Diyar Bakri (d/960) in his Great Sirah entitled Ta'rikh al-Khamis fi Akhbari Anfasi Nafis.

The Ottoman flag is raised during Mawlid an-Nabi Celebrations in Benghazi - Libiya in 1896.

— — —
May we be sacrificed at this Merriment O blessed month of Rabi' al-Awwal!!
Your joys surpass thousands of 'Eids; All in the world are rejoicing, except Shaytan

Thursday, 16 January 2014

Who is Ahle sunnat wa jammat according to Hadiths

Sunni Soldier Of Islam
03-08-2010, 07:31 AM
salamualaikum can some brother please shed light on this also I want to know do deobandis come in ahle sunnat like other sunnis as well. Or are they out of ahle sunnat like wahabis are
Fidai Saifi Naqshbandi
03-09-2010, 06:25 AM
Hadith # 1

Transliteration : Alaykum bi al-jama`a fa innallaha la yajma`u ummata Muhammadin `ala dalala

Translation : "You have to follow the Congregation for verily Allah will not make the largest group of Muhammad's Community agree on error

[ Reference : Ibn Abi Shayba relates it with a sound chain as hadith # 354 ]

Hadith # 2

Allah will never let my Ummah agree upon misguidance, and the hand of Allah is over the group (Jama'ah), so follow the great mass of believers (Sawad ul-'Azam), and whoever dissents from them departs to hell

[A narration "AUTHENTICATED" and reported by al-Hakim (1/116), and al-Dhahabi agreed with him]

Hadith # 3

La yajma`ullahu ummati `ala dalala

"Verily Allah will not make my Community agree on error

[ Reference:Tirmidhi with a fair (hasan) chain ]

Hadith # 4

Inna Allaha la yajma`u ummati -- aw qala: ummata Muhammadin --`ala dalalatin wa yadullahi ma` al-jama`a

"Verily Allah will not make my Community -- or Muhammad's Community -- agree on error, and Allah's hand is with the largest Congregation."

[Reference :Tirmidhi (gharib) #2256, Cairo ed. `Aridat al-ahwadhi (11:9)]

Note here that above hadith is called Gharib but a Gharib hadith is not necessarily Daeef, even if we agree it is that Authentic hadith of Imam Hakim [rah] makes it Sahih as wordings are same. What wahabis mostly do is to show only one chain and claim all hadiths are Daeef which is misguiding ignorant people actually.

Hadith # 5

Man arada minkum bi habuhat al-jannati fal yulzim al-jama`at

"Whoever among you wants to be in the middle of Paradise, let him cling to the Congregation."

[Reference : Tirmidhi related it and said it is sound (sahih).]

Hadith # 6

Inna al-shaytana dhaybun ka dhayb al-ghanam ya'khudh al-shat al-qasiya wal-najiya fa iyyakum wal-shu`aab wa `alaykum bil-jama`ati wal-`aammati wal-masjid

"Shaytan is a wolf like the wolf that preys on sheep, taking the isolated and the stray among them; therefore, avoid factionalism and keep to the Congregation and the collective and the masjid."

[Reference: Ahmad relates it through Mu`adh and through Abu Dharr, the two chains being respectively fair [hasan] and sound [sahih] according to Haythami in Majma` al-zawa'id 6/123]

Hadith # 7

Inna ummati la tajtami`u `ala dalalatin fa idha ra'aytum al-ikhtilaf fa `alaykum bi al-sawad al-a`zam.

"My Community shall never agree upon misguidance, therefore, if you see divergences, you must follow the greater mass or larger group


► Ibn Majah (2:1303 #3950) from Anas with a weak chain.

► Imam Ahmad narrates it mawquf through three sound chains to Abu Umama al-Bahili and Ibn Abi Awfa. However, it is marfu` to the Prophet from Abu Umama by Ibn Abi Shayba in his Musannaf as well as Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, the latter two's narration stating that Abu Umama heard this from the Prophet up to seven times. Bayhaqi in al-Madkhal narrates something similar from Ibn `Abbas.

Above hadith came from multiple chains, one daeef [weak] and three other Sahih ones.

Hadith # 8

Lan tajtami`a ummati `ala dalalatin fa `alaykum bi al-jama`ati fa inna yadullahi `ala al-jama`a.

"My Community shall not agree upon misguidance. Therefore, you must stay with the Congregation, and Allah's hand is over the Congregation.

[Reference: Tabarani narrated it with two chains from Ibn `Umar, one of which is sound (sahih). See Haythami, Majma` al-zawa'id, chapter on the obligation to stay with the Congregation.]

Hadith # 9

Innallaha qad ajara ummati min an tajtami`a `ala dalala

"Verily Allah has protected my Community from agreeing upon error."

[Ibn Abi `Asim narrated it in the Sunna and Wahabi so called mujtahid Albani declared it hasan in his Silsila sahiha (3:319).]

Hadith # 11

Sahih Bukhari Book 56 Hadith 803
Narrated Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman:
..... He said, "Yes, there will be some people who will invite others to the doors of Hell, and whoever accepts their invitation to it will be thrown in it (by them)." I said, "O Allah's Apostle! Describe those people to us." He said, "They will belong to us and speak our language (i.e Arabic) " I asked, "What do you order me to do if such a thing should take place in my life?"
He said, "Adhere to the CONGREGATION OF MUSLIMS and their Chief." I asked, "If there is neither a group (of Muslims) nor a chief (what shall I do)?" He said, "Keep away from all those different sects, even if you had to bite (i.e. eat) the root of a tree, till you meet Allah while you are still in that state."[END]

So if Congregation of muslims [sawad us adham ] is not available one is advised to keep away from all smaller sects according to sahih bukhari

Hadith # 12

Yadu Allah `ala al-jama`a

"Allah's hand is over the group."

[Sunan Tirmidhi , Hadith termed hasan]

al-Munawi said: "Allah's hand is over the group means His protection and preservation for them, signifying that the collectivity of the people of Islam are in Allah's fold, so be also in Allah's shelter, in the midst of them, and do not separate yourselves from them. Whoever diverges from the overwhelming majority concerning what is lawful and unlawful and on which the Community does not differ has slipped off the path of guidance and this will lead him to hell.

[al-Munawi, Sharh al-Jami` al-saghir 3:449]

Hadith # 13

Yadu Allah `ala al-jama`at wa man shadhdha shadhdha ila al-nar.

"Allah's hand is over the group, and whoever dissents from them departs to hell

[Tirmidhi (gharib) from Ibn `Umar, al-Hakim both from Ibn `Umar and Ibn `Abbas, and Ibn Jarir from Ibn `Umar.]

Hadith # 14

Yadu Allah `ala al-jama`a, ittabi`u al-sawad al-a`zam fa innahu man shadhdha shadhdha ila al-nar.

"Allah's hand is over the group, follow the largest mass, for verily whoever dissents from them departs to hell

[ Narrated by al-Hakim and al-Tabari from Ibn `Abbas, and al-Lalika'i in al-Sunna and al-Hakim also narrated it from Ibn `Umar.]

Hadith # 15

Man faraqa al-jama`ata shibran mata maytatan Jahiliyya.

"Whoever leaves the Community or separates himself from it by the length of a span, dies the death of the Jahiliyya (period of ignorance prior to Islam)"

[Sahih Muslim (Imara #55) through Ibn `Abbas. Muslim relates it with slight variations through three more chains. Ibn Abi Shayba also relates it in his Musannaf.]

Hadith # 16

Abu Ghalib said that during the crisis with the Khawarij in Damascus he saw Abu Umama one day and he was crying. He asked him what made him cry and he replied: "They followed our religion," then he mentioned what was going to happen to them tomorrow. Abu Ghalib said: "Are you saying this according to your opinion or from something you heard the Prophet say?" Abu Umama said: "What I just told you I did not hear from the Prophet only once, or twice, or three times, but more than seven times. Did you not read this verse in Al `Imran: The day faces will be white and faces will be dark..."? (3:106) to the end of the verse. Then he said: I heard the Prophet say: "The Jews separated into 71 sects, 70 of which are in the fire; the Christians into 72 sects, 71 of which are in the fire; and this Community will separate into 73 sects, all of them are in the fire except one which will enter Paradise." We said: "Describe it for us." He said: "The Sawad al-a`zam [the majority group ] ."

[Reference : Haythami said in Majma` al-zawa'id: Tabarani narrated it in al-Mu`jam al-kabir and al-Awsat, and its all narrators are trustworthy (thiqat) This hadith is Sahih ]

Hadith # 17

Sataftariqu ummati `ala thalathat wa sab`ina firqatin kulluhum fil nari ila millatin wahidat, qalu man hiya ya rasulallah, qala ma ana `alayhi wa as-habi

"My Community will split into seventy-three sects. All of them will be in the fire except one group. They asked: Who are they, O Messenger of Allah? He said: Those that follow my way and that of my companions."

[ Sunan tirmidhi 18:2650, sunan Abu Dawud, and al-Darimi related it.]

Hadith # 18

What is meaning of word Sawad us Azam according to Sahih hadiths itself

لَمَّا أُسْرِيَ بِالنَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ جَعَلَ يَمُرُّ بِالنَّبِيِّ وَالنَّبِيَّيْنِ وَمَعَهُمْ الْقَوْمُ وَالنَّبِيِّ وَالنَّبِيَّيْنِ وَمَعَهُمْ الرَّهْطُ وَالنَّبِيِّ وَالنَّبِيَّيْنِ وَلَيْسَ مَعَهُمْ أَحَدٌ حَتَّى مَرَّ بِسَوَادٍ عَظِيمٍ فَقُلْتُ مَنْ هَذَا قِيلَ مُوسَى وَقَوْمُهُ وَلَكَنِ ارْفَعْ رَأْسَكَ فَانْظُرْ قَالَ فَإِذَا سَوَادٌ عَظِيمٌ قَدْ سَدَّ الْأُفُقَ مِنْ ذَا الْجَانِبِ وَمِنْ ذَا الْجَانِبِ فَقِيلَ هَؤُلَاءِ أُمَّتُكَ وَسِوَى هَؤُلَاءِ مِنْ أُمَّتِكَ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ فَدَخَلَ وَلَمْ يَسْأَلُوهُ وَلَمْ يُفَسِّرْ لَهُمْ فَقَالُوا نَحْنُ هُمْ وَقَالَ قَائِلُونَ هُمْ أَبْنَاؤُنَا الَّذِينَ وُلِدُوا عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ وَالْإِسْلَامِ فَخَرَجَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَالَ هُمْ الَّذِينَ لَا يَكْتَوُونَ وَلَا يَسْتَرْقُونَ وَلَا يَتَطَيَّرُونَ وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ فَقَامَ عُكَّاشَةُ بْنُ مِحْصَنٍ فَقَالَ أَنَا مِنْهُمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ نَعَمْ ثُمَّ قَامَ آخَرُ فَقَالَ أَنَا مِنْهُمْ فَقَالَ سَبَقَكَ بِهَا عُكَّاشَةُ

Sayyidina Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated: When the Prophet (SAW) was taken to the (heavens for the) mi'raj, he passed by a Prophet and Prophets with whom were a group of people, a Propher and Prophets with whom was a raht, a Prophet and Prophets with whom was nobody till he passed by a great multitude (sawad us azam) . He asked. "Who is this?" He was told, "Musa and his people, but raise your head and see." He said, "I saw a great multitude that had plugged the horizon from this side barricaded the horizon from that side." He was told, "These are you ummah and apart from these there are seventy thousand of your ummah who will enter paradise without any accounting." Then he came (home) and they did not ask him and he did not explain to them. They said (to one another), "We are among them." And some said, "they are the children born on nature and on Islam.' The Prophet came out and said, "They are those who do not have themselves cauterised or treated with incantation (charms) , or believe in omens, but on their Lord do they rely. Ukashah ibn Mihsan got up and said, "Am I one of them,O Messenger of , "Yes." Then another came and asked, "Am I one of them?" He said, "Ukashah overtook you in that."

[Sahih Bukhari 5752,Sahih Muslim 220, Ahmed 2448, sunan tirmidhi 17:2454]

From above Hadiths following things can be seen

► The hadith of sawad us azam [following majority] comes from several chains. From many Sahih chains and few weak , Please be careful because Wahabis [salafis] misquote and show only Daeef chains to misguide others where as if same words are present in Sahih chains or hasan ones than Daeef hadith itself is termed as Sahih.

► The term Congregation [jama'h] and Sawad us azam [ largest group] are used to define same group of muslims which will be on right path.

► The Largest group or congregation of muslims will follow Quran and sunnah and way of Sahabas [ra] as well. Like Ahlus sunnah does.

Sunday, 5 January 2014

RADIO HYDERABAD (NashrGah Hyderabad Dakan Mehakma LaSilki )


(NashrGah Hyderabad Dakan Mehakma LaSilki )

                         Inauguration of NashrGah LaSiliki  ( Nizam Radio ) - 1933                        

The Deccan Radio went on air early in the year 1933 . It started as a private radio station 
with a transmitting power of 200 Watts . The transmitter was assembled locally . 
The radio station was privately owned and operated by the family members . 
It was situated at the " Azam Manzil " Chiragh Ali Lane opposite John Co,
Abid Road . Hyderabad did not lag with the rest of the country as regards to 
radio transmission .

                                John & Co advertisement - 1933

There were broadcasts of news in Urdu , Dakhni dholk ke geet ,ghazals , qawwalis etc . 
At a time when film songs did not exist and only a handful of discs by singers like 
Gauharjan , Jankibai of Allahabad and Zohrajan of Agra etc existed the local 
artists came forward and entertained with their lovely voices . With the opening 
of a radio station a number of talented artists specialised in both vocal and 
instrumental music enrolled themselves with the radio station for audition . 
Roshan Ali a noted musician of that time was the first music director of 
the Deccan radio . Later MA Rauf joined the Deccan radio as a 
studio executive , he was a notable ghazal singer . 

There were no transmissions during the month of Mohurrum . 
Later the transmission was suspended only for the first 13 days of the 
month of Mohurrum but there were no programs on music . The 
news was taken from the local news papers and the important 
events were reported . The news mostly contained matters related 
to the State . After 1935 some of the songs appeared on the discs 
and the Deccan Radio procured some of the good ones and presented 
them . The program on Film music although a brief one received 
appreciation from the listeners .

The Deccan radio was taken over by the Nizam in 1935 . 
It came under the Department of wireless .NashrGah 
Hyderabad Dakan Mehakma LaSilki .

             NashrGah LaSilki -                                                   Nawab Ali Yawar Jung 

Specimen of a days Radio Program .

The department of wireless was headed by Nawab Ali Yawar Jung Bahadur , 
an eminent personality who later held offices of Vice Chancellor , Ambassador and Governor .
A powerful transmitter of 500 Watts was purchased and installed from the Marconi Co, England . 
The new studios were set up at the Yaawar Manzil , Khairatabad and the transmitter with 
big antenna was set up at Saroornagar on the out skirts of the city . The red lights on the twin 
antennas were visible from many parts of the city . Broadcast Studios were also established at 
Saroornagar later and many programs used to go on air especially during the second world war . 
One person was deputed to BBC London for training . Nawab Ali Yavar Jung a great visionary 
was trying hard to bring the broadcasting on the lines of BBC . New equipment such as wire 
recorders were purchased .

The family members of Chiragh Ali left one after the other after it was taken over by the Nizam . 
The 200 Watt transmitter was shifted to Aurangabad and a small station at the district level was 
established . The majority of people at Aurangabad spoke Marathi and so along with Urdu the 
programmes in Marathi were also broadcast .

The demand and importance of music was felt by the Deccan Radio and soon arranged music 
programs by local artists . A large number of talented local artists came forward and initially 
volunteered to perform  . By mid thirties the Deccan Radio became so popular that great 
classicalists like Ustad Fayyaz Khan , Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan , Hira Bai Barodekar and 
her sister Saraswati Rane were on the list of artists of the Deccan Radio . Ustad Abdul Karim 
Khan visited Hyderabad twice and during that time gave performance at the Deccan Radio .

The talent of the local artists were recognized in a short time and there were a large number 
of artists on the list of the Deccan Radio . Some of the notable artists of those times are Ustad 
Qayyum Husain Khan ( sarangi ) Pt Venkat Rao ( Harmonium ) , Amba Prasad ( Harmonium ) 
Sheikh Dawood ( Tabla ) GN Dantale - (Jaltarang and Vocal ) . The other Vocalists included 
Shankarlal Masterji , Vasumati Dantale , Ambadas Apte , Vittal Rao , SB Deshpande . Amba 
Prasad was a master of Harmonium . He was called for occasions when others were unable 
to accompany some of the vocalists like Ustad Fayyaz Khan and Hirabai Barodekar .

The artists who were famous for singing the Dakhni dholak ke geet, tappa , and folk songs of 
Deccan were Noorjehan Bharatpuri ,Kaneez Fatima , Qamar Jahan and Bangari Bai . 
A large section of the Hyderabad city was not electrified . This was a precious commodity 
and coupled to this the radio set was very expensive and beyond the reach of a common 
man . In many localities there were a handful of radio sets and sometimes the non-privileged 
were accommodated to enjoy the programs by those who had the radio sets with them .

By late 1930's the markets were flooded with songs on 78 RPM discs from the movies . 
The public got more and more interested in film music and a number of middle class 
opted to buy a radio set on instalments when their houses got electrified .

As a large section of population consisted of locals who spoke Telugu , Kannada and Marathi . 
There were regional programs in those languages and were alloted some slots on specific days .

MA Rauf who joined Deccan Radio as a Program Executive later became the Station Director . 
An excellent ghazal singer and a composer who went on to score music for few movies 
produced from Bombay . The films are Tohfa , Beete Din - 1947 and Basera - 1950 .

Moizuddin was another notable ghazal singer who was one of the court singers at the palace 
of  Moazzum Jah Bahadur the second son of Nizam .


                                  NasharGah  Hyderabad

December 31 , 1941  Iswi ( CE / AD )                      ChaharShunba 28 Bahman 1351 Fasli
           ( Wednesday )
Sa'at Shaam

5 - 30   -   Khayal , Sudh Sarang

5 - 50  -    Ghazal , ' teri khushi se agar gham men bhi khushi na hui ( Jigar )

6 -  00       Aam pasand  Mouseqi 

6 -  20       Marathi Pad aur Bhajan

6 -  40       Ghazal   - Ishq mujhko nahin wahshat hi sahi   ( Ghalib )
                    Ghazal      Mere haal par bebasi ro rahi hai

7 - 7 30     Bachon ka program

7 30          Khatm Saal   - Taqreer

7 45         Khayal Maalkouns 

Sa'at Shab

8 - -              Urdu men khabren

8 -  25          Angrezi men khabren

8 -  50          Aam pasand mouseqi

9 - 10       Karnataki Anand Bhairavi 
10            Duae Salamati



For those who cannot read Urdu here is in Roman Urdu .

                 Muqami NashrGah Aurangabad
               ( Local Radio Station Aurangabad )
(319) meters (940) Kc/s Roz ChaharShunba , 
14 Bahman 1351 Fasli . Auqaat Nashr 5-30 ta 9-30
Sa'at Shab .

Marhati program dehatiyon aur shehriyon ke liye
5-30 to 7-30 sa'at shaam .

Urdu program dehatiyon aur shehriyon ke liye
7-30 to 9-30 sa'at shab .

    Mutakhib kalam - Dattu Pant Padmakar
Gaane walon mein AK Thakurdas aur Khwaja Mehmood Baig qabil-e- zikr hai .

                     ( Mehikma LaSilki )